There, at the maktab, Daniar learned Chagatai Turkic and Arabic script. It was not until he had discovered Ismail Gasprinski’s writings that he began to seek higher education. Aged 15 and already one of the top students at the local maktab, Daniar became obsessed with Gasprinski’s ideas of pan-Turkism and modernization through Europeanization. Feeling that his father’s nomadic lifestyle was soon to be a thing of the past, due to Tsarist expansionism, he started believing that if Turkestanis were to maintain their identity in the face of European colonialism and expansionism, they first had to strengthen themselves through modernization.
-Maktab: traditional Islamic school in Central Asia and elsewhere. Equivalent to elementary school.
-The child in grey is Daniar. The teacher there isn't Ismail Gasprinski--he's just a local teacher at the maktab.
-The children (except Daniar) are wearing traditional Uzbek chapans and skullcaps.
-Year and location: Russian Turkestan, 1876.
-Daniar is not 15 years old in the picture (of course). The picture shows when he was starting his education at the maktab.
-Ismail Gasprinski (1851-1914) realized the need for education and cultural reform in Turkic and Islamic communities. He was a Crimean Tatar intellectual, publisher, educator, and politician. He published the newspaper Terciman starting in 1883, which would be around the time when Daniar was 13.
-Thus, Daniar was born in ~1870.
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